The Jaljalat Phenomenon in the Gaza Strip

Background
Global Jihad ideas began spreading in recent years among terror organizations in the Gaza Strip. Under Hamas regime (starting June 2007) new groups began to appear in the Gaza Strip acting in the spirit of Al Qaeda and Global Jihad ideas; some of which are involved in terror attacks against both Israeli and foreign targets. Prominent among them are Army of Islam lead by Moumtaz Dighmush, Army of the Nation lead by Isamil Hamid, formed by dissidents from the Popular Resistance Committees, Fatah Al-Islam in Palestine ("on the land of ribat"), and other groups.

It should be noted that these local groups have endorsed an extreme ideology in the spirit of Global Jihad, yet their ties with Al Qaeda and Global Jihad are merely based on adopting ideas and views.

 

 

 

The Jaljalat Group
The Jaljalat Group is included among these groups. The name's interpretation is echoing with great sound; a sound of rolling thunder/windy storm. One of the hypotheses regarding the name's source is a famous Jihad song called "anshodat jaljalat"/"nasheed jaljalat" (the jaljalat tune). In fact, this tune and the dominant term "jaljalat" within it, are featured in numerous internet videos, documenting the activity of Global Jihad elements, particularly Al Qaeda.

 

In the past year, and especially since the beginning of the Lull in the Gaza Strip (from June 19 until December 19 2008), a new phenomenon emerges, characterized by sporadic squads, consisting of youngsters formerly (or presently) affiliated with Hamas military wing, followers of the most extreme ideology (to be detailed henceforth), who team up for the purpose of executing terrorist attacks, some of them under the name of Jaljalat.

 

There are several assumptions regarding the circumstances and time of appearance of the phenomenon:


• According to one hypothesis, Jaljalat cells consist of Iz Aldin Alqassam Brigades' dissidents, who have deserted Hamas military wing due to ideological disputes. They perceived the Lull agreement with Israel as a sign of the movement becoming too moderate (June-December 2008).


• According to another hypothesis, the phenomenon has instigated following Hamas' takeover of the Gaza Strip (June 2007). Hamas renegades, on grounds of internal controversies, were treated harshly by the movement. They were arrested, tortured, suffered grave injuries (in one case a dissident's eye was plucked out); upon their release from Hamas jails they joined Jaljalat in order to retaliate against Hamas and its leaders.

 

The ideology central to this phenomenon includes Jihadi and Salafi (which means: back to origins) characteristics, namely, return to Islam legacy and striving to establish an extreme Islamic state through the boundless war of Jihad.

The risk posed by this group emanates not just from the fanaticism of its members and the weapons they possess, but from the fact that the renegade operatives were, or still are, part of the higher echelons of the Iz Aldin Alqassam Brigades, some of whom have been military trained abroad.

 

 

 

Jaljalat and Terror
From the beginning of the Lull (June-December 2008) Jaljalat activists were involved in executing attacks, and in some cases cooperated with activists of other terror organizations in the Gaza Strip.

A prominent attack in which the group has been involved is an explosive charge attack executed on June 27 2009, in which three charges were detonated against an IDF force patrolling the Hoovers route. As a result, an IDF soldier has been killed and three were wounded.

It should be stressed that alongside the Jaljalat, there are other attack attempts of other factors, acting also in the Al Qaeda and Global Jihad spirit.

 

                              
                                 
 
Global Jihad ideas began spreading in recent years among terror organizations in the Gaza Strip. Under Hamas regime (starting June 2007) new groups began to appear in the Gaza Strip acting in the spirit of Al Qaeda and Global Jihad ideas; some of which are involved in terror attacks against both Israeli and foreign targets. Prominent among them are Army of Islam lead by Moumtaz Dighmush, Army of the Nation lead by Isamil Hamid, formed by dissidents from the Popular Resistance Committees, Fatah Al-Islam in Palestine ("on the land of ribat"), and other groups.